U.S. Road Race Trends



Road race finisher total experiences slight year-over-year decline in 2016

WICHITA, Kan. - (March 23, 2017) – For the third straight year, the number of road race finishers declined in the United States, as 16,957,100 runners crossed a finish line in 2016, a one percent decrease from the 17,114,800 finishers in 2015.


Despite the decline, the finisher total leveled off from the nine percent decline seen in 2015, while the 2016 finisher total ranks as the fourth largest in history.


Between 1990 and 2013, finisher totals quickly grew from five million road race runners to over 19 million. Since 2014, the sport has seen a shrinking of sorts, as totals have now dropped under the 17 million finisher mark for the first time since 2012.


As the industry continues to look for ways to keep runners racing and their events growing, the decline is also being seen as a check on unhealthy races, seeing those with unsustainable structures leave the marketplace, allowing sound events to strengthen their foothold.


“While finisher totals continue to fall, however slightly, there are a number of positive signs for the industry,” said Running USA CEO Rich Harshbarger. "As race directors react to declining participation numbers, what we're seeing is more of them increase value and create better experiences for their runners, partners, charities and communities."


The number of organized races increased by 100 to 30,400 in 2016, but the number of races with 25,000 or more finishers decreased from 13 total in 2015 to ten in 2016, according to the Running USA Largest Races database. In addition, the 5K distance saw an increase in finishers in 2016, with 8,242.500 runners crossing the finish line. However, the 10K, half marathon and "other" distances saw decreases of four percent or greater. The marathon finisher total remained flat.


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2016 U.S. Running Snapshot:

  • Females account for 9.7 million finishers nationwide and continue to represent 57% from event fields. Males in 2016 represented 7.3 million finishers in U.S. races. Overall, there were 16,957,100 finishers in U.S. running events, down 1% from 2015.
  • Total number of U.S. running events reached 30,400, a slight increase from 30,300 in 2015, with the largest growth seen in the half-marathon distance (4%).
  • The 25 to 44 year old age group continues to be the sweet spot for running, accounting for 49% of finishers.
  • In 2016, the 5K maintained the #1 position of all race distances with 8.2 million finishers, claiming 49% of all finishers in the U.S., while the half-marathon again held the #2 position with approximately 11% of the finishers, followed by the 10K (7%).


2016 U.S. Road Race Trends - By the Numbers


U.S. Finishers: Total

U.S. running event finishers in 2016 remained flat compared to 2015.  In 2016, there were a total of nearly 17,000,000 (16,957,100), down slightly from 17,114,800 in 2015.  This represents a decline of 1%.  Females account for nearly 9.7 million finishers nationwide and continue to represent 57% from event fields.  Males in 2016 represented over 7 million finishers in U.S. races.

U.S. Running Event Finishers 1990-2016


U.S. Events: Distance

The total number of events remained flat overall. In 2016, there were a total of 30,400 events, on par with 30,300 in 2015. There were more 5K and half marathon events though and fewer events that are other distances.



2016 Totals: Events

% of Total

’15 to ’16 Change









Half Marathon




8K/5 Mile








Other Distances








Source: Running USA powered by Athlinks


For access to the full U.S. Road Race Trends report, Running USA members can login to the membership portal to download the PDF copy.


For general media inquiries, please contact Running USA Director of Communications Scott Bush, scott@runningusa.org.

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